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International Relations and Human Rights Observatory

12-14-2020

Promoting Human Rights in North Korea: Joint Open Letter to President Moon Jae-in

CADAL is one of the civil society organizations that signed the Open Letter promoted by Human Rights Watch addressed to the President of the Republic of Korea. The letter regrets President Moon Jae-in's decision not to again co-sponsor a resolution on the human rights situation in North Korea at the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. Although the November 18 resolution was passed by consensus, South Korea's lack of leadership is a signal that has weakened international pressure on North Korea for its human rights abuses.

Promoting Human Rights in North Korea: Joint Open Letter to President Moon Jae-in

We are writing on behalf of 47 groups representing 300 non-governmental organizations and 7 concerned individuals in 16 countries to express our deep concern regarding the Republic of Korea government’s increasingly weak stance on human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

We greatly regret your recent decision to again not co-sponsor a resolution on the human rights situation in North Korea at the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. Although the November 18 resolution passed by consensus, South Korea’s lack of leadership signals weakened international pressure on North Korea for its human rights abuses.

Your government’s justifications that it still “joined the consensus” and will work “with the international community toward substantive improvements in the human rights situation of the people of the DPRK” are inadequate. This abandonment of South Korea’s crucial leadership in promoting human rights issues in North Korea sends the message to North Korea that human rights issues can be ignored for the sake of political negotiations. On the contrary, we believe that any hope of success in negotiations with North Korea, on any and all issues, requires negotiations to be comprehensive and inclusive of human rights issues and North Korea’s general lack of cooperation with the UN system.

Your government’s reluctance to prioritize North Korea’s human rights record is made worse by the fact that the North Korean government, in the context of the Covid-19 crisis, has put in place disproportionate, unnecessary, and abusive measures under the pretext of combatting the virus.

Over the past few months, the North Korean government intensified surveillance on people breaking Covid-19 related quarantine measures and enforcement of a travel ban in the border area with China, including by reportedly laying new mines to deter people from crossing into China, and executing North Koreans caught while attempting to flee the country, or people breaking virus prevention rules or quarantine and going for banned walks to see the autumn leaves. In March, Chinese authorities told people to stay away from the North Korean border or risk being shot by North Korean guards. In August, the government created buffer zones one to two kilometers from the northern border, with guards ordered to “unconditionally shoot” on sight anyone entering without permission.

Also under the pretext of Covid-19 prevention, on September 22, the North Korean navy shot and killed a 47-year old South Korean fisheries official, Lee Dae-jun, on a boat near North Korea’s western sea border. On September 24, the South Korean government said Lee was killed while attempting to defect to North Korea, which Lee’s family publicly and insistently said was impossible. On September 25, North Korean leader Kim Jong Un sent a note to South Korea expressing regret over the incident. In its report to the UN General Assembly on October 14, Tomas Ojea Quintana, the UN special rapporteur on North Korea, said the incident seemed to be “an unlawful and arbitrary killing of a civilian who was not exhibiting any imminent threat to life of the security guards, which is in violation of international human rights law.”

We are also concerned about the economic impacts of the Covid-19 lockdown, as the North Korean government reportedly began reducing its staple food imports from China in July and totally stopped them in October, even after severe floods hit North Korea between June and September destroying crops, roads, and bridges, undermining the country’s agricultural sector. The North Korean government has also repeatedly rejected offers for international aid.

On September 25, Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha said the South Korean government will continue to push for peaceful engagement with North Korea. But South Korea’s failure to speak out about North Korea’s abusive and misguided measures signals a lack of genuine concern for the country’s deteriorating human rights situation.

We urge you to once again demonstrate leadership in promoting human rights in North Korea and re-join the list of co-sponsoring member states on the UN General Assembly resolution ahead of its expected passage later this month at the plenary meeting. We also urge you to clarify what steps South Korea is taking to work with the international community to pressure and encourage the North Korean government to undertake reforms and bring about substantive improvements in the country’s human rights situation.

Thank you for your consideration.

Sincerely,

Groups

1969 KAL Abductees' Families Association

Arakan Rohingya National Organization

Article 19

Balaod Mindanaw

CADAL (Centro para la Apertura y el Desarrollo de América Latina)

Citizens' Alliance for North Korean Human Rights (NKHR)

Comjan

Committee for Human Rights in North Korea

CSW

Democratic Leadership Foundation (DLF)

Families of the Disappeared

FIDH - International Federation for Human Rights

Georgetown University Law Center

HanVoice

HHK Catacombs

Human Asia

Human Rights Concern - Eritrea (HRCE)

Human Rights Data Analysis Group

Human Rights Foundation

Human Rights in Asia

Human Rights Watch

International Christian Concern

International Coalition to Stop Crimes against Humanity in North Korea

Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights

Jubilee Campaign USA

Justice For North Korea

Kanagawa Association for The Rescue of Japanese Kidnapped by North Korea

Korean War Abductees Family Union

Korean War POW Family Association

Lawyers for Human Rights and Unification of Korea

Liberty in North Korea

Lumen

Mental Health and Human Rights Info

NK Watch

NKnet (Network for North Korean Democracy and Human Rights)

No Fence

North Korea Freedom Coalition

Open North Korea

People for Successful Corean Reunification (PSCORE)

Rohingya Human Rights Network

Saram - Stiftung für Menschenrechte in Nordkorea

Southern African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes

Stepping Stones

The 88 Project

Transitional Justice Working Group

Unification Academy

Unification Strategy Institute

Individuals

David Alton, Lord

Independent Crossbench Member of the House of Lords & Co-chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on North Korea

Sonja Biserko

Former Commission of Inquiry (COI) member on the situation of human rights in the DPRK & current chair at the Helsinki Human Rights Committee in Serbia

Roberta Cohen

Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights, U.S. Department of State

Marzuki Darusman

Former UN Special Rapporteur/COI member on the situation of human rights in the DPRK

Yanghee Lee, Ph.D.

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar / Former Chairperson of UN Committee on the Rights of the Child

Vitit Muntarbhorn

Former UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the DPRK

Chris Sidoti

International Expert Member, UN Independent International Fact Finding Mission on Myanmar

 
 
 

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